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Fontenille Didier


Chercheur titulaire

IRD / DSS / UR 016


IRD, 911 avenue Agropolis, BP 64501, 34394 Montpellier cedex 5


Tel: +33 (0)4 67 41 63 31
Fax: +33 (0)4 67 54 20 44


Sciences de la vie

Entomologie médicale (Doctorat). Virologie Médicale.



Entomologie médicale (expert OMS) / Transmission vectorielle

Madagascar / Canada / Sénégal / Cameroun

Programmes de recherche

Etude de la transmission vectorielle du paludisme et d'arboviroses : caractérisation de la transmission et des populations de vecteurs (Sénégal, Cameroun)

Production scientifique


Bagny L, Delatte H, Elissa N, Quilici S, Fontenille D. Aedes (Diptera: Culicidae) vectors of arboviruses in Mayotte (Indian Ocean): distribution area and larval habitats. J Med Entomol 2009, 46 (2): 198-207.

Costantini C, Ayala D, Guelbeogo WM, Pombi M, Some CY, Bassole IH, Ose K, Fotsing JM, Sagnon N, Fontenille D, Besansky NJ, Simard F. Living at the edge: biogeographic patterns of habitat segregation conform to speciation by niche expansion in Anopheles gambiae. BMC Ecol 2009, 9 16.

Delatte H, Desvars A, Bouetard A, Bord S, Gimonneau G, Vourc'h G, Fontenille D. Blood-Feeding Behavior of Aedes albopictus, a Vector of Chikungunya on La Reunion. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 2009,

Delatte H, Gimonneau G, Triboire A, Fontenille D. Influence of temperature on immature development, survival, longevity, fecundity, and gonotrophic cycles of Aedes albopictus, vector of chikungunya and dengue in the Indian Ocean. J Med Entomol 2009, 46 (1): 33-41.

Faraj C, Adlaoui E, Ouahabi S, Rhajaoui M, Fontenille D, Lyagoubi M. Entomological investigations in the region of the last malaria focus in Morocco. Acta Trop 2009, 109 (1): 70-3.

Kengne P, Le Goff G, Fontenille D. Molecular genetic investigation of morphological species of members of the Neomelaniconion subgenus (Diptera: Culicidae: Aedini) from Madagascar using ribosomal internal transcribed spacer 2. J Med Entomol 2009, 46 (2): 403-7.

Lefevre T, Gouagna LC, Dabire KR, Elguero E, Fontenille D, Costantini C, Thomas F. Evolutionary lability of odour-mediated host preference by the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae. Trop Med Int Health 2009, 14 (2): 228-36.

Linard C, Poncon N, Fontenille D, Lambin EF. Risk of Malaria Reemergence in Southern France: Testing Scenarios with a Multiagent Simulation Model. Ecohealth 2009,

Paupy C, Delatte H, Bagny L, Corbel V, Fontenille D. Aedes albopictus, an arbovirus vector: From the darkness to the light. Microbes Infect 2009,

Simard F, Ayala D, Kamdem GC, Pombi M, Etouna J, Ose K, Fotsing JM, Fontenille D, Besansky NJ, Costantini C. Ecological niche partitioning between Anopheles gambiae molecular forms in Cameroon: the ecological side of speciation. BMC Ecol 2009, 9 17.

Tall A, Sokhna C, Perrault R, Fontenille D, Marrama L, Ly AB, Sarr FD, Toure A, Trape JF, Spiegel A, Rogier C, Druilhe P. Assessment of the relative success of sporozoite inoculations in individuals exposed to moderate seasonal transmission. Malar J 2009, 8 (1): 161.

Antonio-Nkondjio C, Atangana J, Ndo C, Awono-Ambene P, Fondjo E, Fontenille D, Simard F. Malaria transmission and rice cultivation in Lagdo, northern Cameroon. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2008, 102 (4): 352-9.

Antonio-Nkondjio C, Ndo C, Kengne P, Mukwaya L, Awono-Ambene P, Fontenille D, Simard F. Population structure of the malaria vector Anopheles moucheti in the equatorial forest region of Africa. Malar J 2008, 7 120.

Cohuet A, Krishnakumar S, Simard F, Morlais I, Koutsos A, Fontenille D, Mindrinos M, Kafatos FC. SNP discovery and molecular evolution in Anopheles gambiae, with special emphasis on innate immune system. BMC Genomics 2008, 9 227.

Dabire KR, Diabate A, Pare-Toe L, Rouamba J, Ouari A, Fontenille D, Baldet T. Year to year and seasonal variations in vector bionomics and malaria transmission in a humid savannah village in west Burkina Faso. J Vector Ecol 2008, 33 (1): 70-5.

Delatte H, Dehecq JS, Thiria J, Domerg C, Paupy C, Fontenille D. Geographic distribution and developmental sites of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) during a Chikungunya epidemic event. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 2008, 8 (1): 25-34.

Delatte H, Paupy C, Dehecq JS, Thiria J, Failloux AB, Fontenille D. [Aedes albopictus, vector of chikungunya and dengue viruses in Reunion Island: biology and control]. Parasite 2008, 15 (1): 3-13.

Dia I, Konate L, Samb B, Sarr JB, Diop A, Rogerie F, Faye M, Riveau G, Remoue F, Diallo M, Fontenille D. Bionomics of malaria vectors and relationship with malaria transmission and epidemiology in three physiographic zones in the Senegal River Basin. Acta Trop 2008, 105 (2): 145-53.

Esnault C, Boulesteix M, Duchemin JB, Koffi AA, Chandre F, Dabire R, Robert V, Simard F, Tripet F, Donnelly MJ, Fontenille D, Biemont C. High genetic differentiation between the M and S molecular forms of Anopheles gambiae in Africa. PLoS One 2008, 3 (4): e1968.

Faraj C, Adlaoui E, Brengues C, Fontenille D, Lyagoubi M. [Resistance of Anopheles labranchiae to DDT in Morocco: identification of the mechanisms and choice of replacement insecticide]. East Mediterr Health J 2008, 14 (4): 776-83.

Fontenille D, Paupy C. [Vectors, environment, and viral emergence]. Med Mal Infect 2008, 38 Suppl 2 S27-9.

Mendes AM, Schlegelmilch T, Cohuet A, Awono-Ambene P, De Iorio M, Fontenille D, Morlais I, Christophides GK, Kafatos FC, Vlachou D. Conserved mosquito/parasite interactions affect development of Plasmodium falciparum in Africa. PLoS Pathog 2008, 4 (5): e1000069.

Ndiath MO, Brengues C, Konate L, Sokhna C, Boudin C, Trape JF, Fontenille D. Dynamics of transmission of Plasmodium falciparum by Anopheles arabiensis and the molecular forms M and S of Anopheles gambiae in Dielmo, Senegal. Malar J 2008, 7 136.

Paupy C, Brengues C, Kamgang B, Herve JP, Fontenille D, Simard F. Gene flow between domestic and sylvan populations of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) in North Cameroon. J Med Entomol 2008, 45 (3): 391-400.

Poncon N, Toty C, Kengne P, Alten B, Fontenille D. Molecular evidence for similarity between Anopheles hyrcanus (Diptera: Culicidae) and Anopheles pseudopictus (Diptera: Culicidae), sympatric potential vectors of malaria in France. J Med Entomol 2008, 45 (3): 576-80.

Poncon N, Tran A, Toty C, Luty AJ, Fontenille D. A quantitative risk assessment approach for mosquito-borne diseases: malaria re-emergence in southern France. Malar J 2008, 7 147.

Tran A, Poncon N, Toty C, Linard C, Guis H, Ferre JB, Lo Seen D, Roger F, de la Rocque S, Fontenille D, Baldet T. Using remote sensing to map larval and adult populations of Anopheles hyrcanus (Diptera: Culicidae) a potential malaria vector in Southern France. Int J Health Geogr 2008, 7 9.

Annan Z, Durand P, Ayala FJ, Arnathau C, Awono-Ambene P, Simard F, Razakandrainibe FG, Koella JC, Fontenille D, Renaud F. Population genetic structure of Plasmodium falciparum in the two main African vectors, Anopheles gambiae and Anopheles funestus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2007, 104 (19): 7987-92.

Antonio-Nkondjio C, Ndo C, Awono-Ambene P, Ngassam P, Fontenille D, Simard F. Population genetic structure of the malaria vector Anopheles moucheti in south Cameroon forest region. Acta Trop 2007, 101 (1): 61-8.

Boulesteix M, Simard F, Antonio-Nkondjio C, Awono-Ambene HP, Fontenille D, Biemont C. Insertion polymorphism of transposable elements and population structure of Anopheles gambiae M and S molecular forms in Cameroon. Mol Ecol 2007, 16 (2): 441-52.

Dabire KR, Baldet T, Diabate A, Dia I, Costantini C, Cohuet A, Guiguemde TR, Fontenille D. Anopheles funestus (Diptera: Culicidae) in a humid savannah area of western Burkina Faso: bionomics, insecticide resistance status, and role in malaria transmission. J Med Entomol 2007, 44 (6): 990-7.

Doudier B, Bogreau H, DeVries A, Poncon N, Stauffer WM, 3rd, Fontenille D, Rogier C, Parola P. Possible autochthonous malaria from Marseille to Minneapolis. Emerg Infect Dis 2007, 13 (8): 1236-8.

Flahault A, Aumont G, Boisson V, de Lamballerile X, Favier F, Fontenille D, Gauzere BA, Journeaux S, Lotteau V, Paupy C, Sanquer MA, Setbon M. [Chikungunya, La Reunion and Mayotte, 2005-2006: an epidemic without a story?]. Sante Publique 2007, 19 Suppl 3 S165-95.

Kengne P, Antonio-Nkondjio C, Awono-Ambene HP, Simard F, Awolola TS, Fontenille D. Molecular differentiation of three closely related members of the mosquito species complex, Anopheles moucheti, by mitochondrial and ribosomal DNA polymorphism. Med Vet Entomol 2007, 21 (2): 177-82.

Orlandi-Pradines E, Almeras L, Denis de Senneville L, Barbe S, Remoue F, Villard C, Cornelie S, Penhoat K, Pascual A, Bourgouin C, Fontenille D, Bonnet J, Corre-Catelin N, Reiter P, Pages F, Laffite D, Boulanger D, Simondon F, Pradines B, Fusai T, Rogier C. Antibody response against saliva antigens of Anopheles gambiae and Aedes aegypti in travellers in tropical Africa. Microbes Infect 2007, 9 (12-13): 1454-62.

Poncon N, Balenghien T, Toty C, Baptiste Ferre J, Thomas C, Dervieux A, L'Ambert G, Schaffner F, Bardin O, Fontenille D. Effects of local anthropogenic changes on potential malaria vector Anopheles hyrcanus and West Nile virus vector Culex modestus, Camargue, France. Emerg Infect Dis 2007, 13 (12): 1810-5.

Poncon N, Toty C, L'Ambert G, le Goff G, Brengues C, Schaffner F, Fontenille D. Population dynamics of pest mosquitoes and potential malaria and West Nile virus vectors in relation to climatic factors and human activities in the Camargue, France. Med Vet Entomol 2007, 21 (4): 350-7.

Poncon N, Toty C, L'Ambert G, Le Goff G, Brengues C, Schaffner F, Fontenille D. Biology and dynamics of potential malaria vectors in Southern France. Malar J 2007, 6 18.

Richer W, Kengne P, Cortez MR, Perrineau MM, Cohuet A, Fontenille D, Noireau F. Active dispersal by wild Triatoma infestans in the Bolivian Andes. Trop Med Int Health 2007, 12 (6): 759-64.

Vazeille M, Moutailler S, Coudrier D, Rousseaux C, Khun H, Huerre M, Thiria J, Dehecq JS, Fontenille D, Schuffenecker I, Despres P, Failloux AB. Two Chikungunya isolates from the outbreak of La Reunion (Indian Ocean) exhibit different patterns of infection in the mosquito, Aedes albopictus. PLoS One 2007, 2 (11): e1168.

Adja AM, N'Goran KE, Kengne P, Koudou GB, Toure M, Koffi AA, Tia E, Fontenille D, Chandre F. [Vectorial transmission of malaria in shrubby Savannah area at Ganse, Ivory Coast]. Med Trop (Mars) 2006, 66 (5): 449-55.

Antonio-Nkondjio C, Kerah CH, Simard F, Awono-Ambene P, Chouaibou M, Tchuinkam T, Fontenille D. Complexity of the malaria vectorial system in Cameroon: contribution of secondary vectors to malaria transmission. J Med Entomol 2006, 43 (6): 1215-21.

Awono-Ambene HP, Simard F, Antonio-Nkondjio C, Cohuet A, Kengne P, Fontenille D. Multilocus enzyme electrophoresis supports speciation within the Anopheles nili group of malaria vectors in Cameroon. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2006, 75 (4): 656-8.

Cohuet A, Osta MA, Morlais I, Awono-Ambene PH, Michel K, Simard F, Christophides GK, Fontenille D, Kafatos FC. Anopheles and Plasmodium: from laboratory models to natural systems in the field. EMBO Rep 2006, 7 (12): 1285-9.

Diop A, Konate L, Molez JF, Diouf M, Gaye O, Fontenille D, Diagne M, Faye O. [Malaria in mangrove areas of the Saloum delta (Senegal)]. Sante 2006, 16 (4): 253-7.

Favier C, Chalvet-Monfray K, Sabatier P, Lancelot R, Fontenille D, Dubois MA. Rift Valley fever in West Africa: the role of space in endemicity. Trop Med Int Health 2006, 11 (12): 1878-88.

Michel K, Suwanchaichinda C, Morlais I, Lambrechts L, Cohuet A, Awono-Ambene PH, Simard F, Fontenille D, Kanost MR, Kafatos FC. Increased melanizing activity in Anopheles gambiae does not affect development of Plasmodium falciparum. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2006, 103 (45): 16858-63.

Molez JF, Diop A, Gaye O, Lemasson JJ, Fontenille D. [Malaria morbidity in Barkedji, village of Ferlo, in Senegal Sahelian area]. Bull Soc Pathol Exot 2006, 99 (3): 187-90.

Reiter P, Fontenille D, Paupy C. Aedes albopictus as an epidemic vector of chikungunya virus: another emerging problem? Lancet Infect Dis 2006, 6 (8): 463-4.

Antonio-Nkondjio C, Simard F, Awono-Ambene P, Ngassam P, Toto JC, Tchuinkam T, Fontenille D. Malaria vectors and urbanization in the equatorial forest region of south Cameroon. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2005, 99 (5): 347-54.

Cohuet A, Dia I, Simard F, Raymond M, Rousset F, Antonio-Nkondjio C, Awono-Ambene PH, Wondji CS, Fontenille D. Gene flow between chromosomal forms of the malaria vector Anopheles funestus in Cameroon, Central Africa, and its relevance in malaria fighting. Genetics 2005, 169 (1): 301-11.

Fontenille D, Cohuet A, Awono-Ambene P, Kengne P, Antonio-Nkondjio C, Wondji C, Simard F. [Malaria vectors: from the field to genetics. Research in Africa]. Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique 2005, 53 (3): 283-90.

Michel AP, Ingrasci MJ, Schemerhorn BJ, Kern M, Le Goff G, Coetzee M, Elissa N, Fontenille D, Vulule J, Lehmann T, Sagnon N, Costantini C, Besansky NJ. Rangewide population genetic structure of the African malaria vector Anopheles funestus. Mol Ecol 2005, 14 (14): 4235-48.

Morlais I, Girod R, Hunt R, Simard F, Fontenille D. Population structure of Anopheles arabiensis on La Reunion island, Indian Ocean. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2005, 73 (6): 1077-82.

Simard F, Nchoutpouen E, Toto JC, Fontenille D. Geographic distribution and breeding site preference of Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti (Diptera: culicidae) in Cameroon, Central Africa. J Med Entomol 2005, 42 (5): 726-31.

Wondji C, Frederic S, Petrarca V, Etang J, Santolamazza F, Della Torre A, Fontenille D. Species and populations of the Anopheles gambiae complex in Cameroon with special emphasis on chromosomal and molecular forms of Anopheles gambiae s.s. J Med Entomol 2005, 42 (6): 998-1005.

Wondji C, Simard F, Lehmann T, Fondjo E, Same-Ekobo A, Fontenille D. Impact of insecticide-treated bed nets implementation on the genetic structure of Anopheles arabiensis in an area of irrigated rice fields in the Sahelian region of Cameroon. Mol Ecol 2005, 14 (12): 3683-93.

Awono-Ambene HP, Kengne P, Simard F, Antonio-Nkondjio C, Fontenille D. Description and bionomics of Anopheles (Cellia) ovengensis (Diptera: Culicidae), a new malaria vector species of the Anopheles nili group from south Cameroon. J Med Entomol 2004, 41 (4): 561-8.

Coetzee M, Fontenille D. Advances in the study of Anopheles funestus, a major vector of malaria in Africa. Insect Biochem Mol Biol 2004, 34 (7): 599-605.

Cohuet A, Dia I, Simard F, Raymond M, Fontenille D. Population structure of the malaria vector Anopheles funestus in Senegal based on microsatellite and cytogenetic data. Insect Mol Biol 2004, 13 (3): 251-8.

Cohuet A, Simard F, Wondji CS, Antonio-Nkondjio C, Awono-Ambene P, Fontenille D. High malaria transmission intensity due to Anopheles funestus (Diptera: Culicidae) in a village of savannah-forest transition area in Cameroon. J Med Entomol 2004, 41 (5): 901-5.

Fontenille D, Simard F. Unravelling complexities in human malaria transmission dynamics in Africa through a comprehensive knowledge of vector populations. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis 2004, 27 (5): 357-75.

Morlais I, Poncon N, Simard F, Cohuet A, Fontenille D. Intraspecific nucleotide variation in Anopheles gambiae: new insights into the biology of malaria vectors. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2004, 71 (6): 795-802.

Sharakhov I, Braginets O, Grushko O, Cohuet A, Guelbeogo WM, Boccolini D, Weill M, Costantini C, Sagnon N, Fontenille D, Yan G, Besansky NJ. A microsatellite map of the African human malaria vector Anopheles funestus. J Hered 2004, 95 (1): 29-34.

Chapitres d'ouvrage



Cours d’entomologie médicale de l’Institut Pasteur

Cours du DEA de parasitologie Université de Montpellier"

Autres activités

Direction UR IRD 016 "Caractérisation et contrôle des populations de vecteurs"

Coordination du réseau "Anophèles d'Afrique"



Portail de la recherche pour le développement